Forest Management with Canopy Land Use
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Silvicultural Options for Forest Management  
For any given species the key parameters influencing tree growth (increment) and timber quality are site type, seed source (provenance) and the silviculture applied during the life of a stand of trees. Generally, growing timber is a long-term business and there are few opportunities to change the species or seed source. However, we can immediately apply silvicultural practices to existing stands of trees to influence the trees’ development and quality. There is a broad range of silvicultural options and principles that can be applied to deliver owners’ objectives.  
  • In the light of the objectives of management, consider  a range of silvicultural options designed to achieve the goal;
  • Recommend and define appropriate silvicultural options for particular stand types on the different sites;
  • Prepare prescriptions and work programmes, inclusive of silvicultural system, target species, felling intervention types and cycles, and tending operations ( for example, respacing, cleaning and formative pruning)
Continuous cover forestry concerns the maintenance of forest conditions and control of the overstorey to influence ground light levels. Associated silviculture seeks to develop structurally diverse stands with a range of tree sizes at the local level promoting natural processes where practical. The degree of irregularity attained is influenced by the time period over which the overstorey is removed and whether canopy gaps are progressively enlarged or kept discrete into the medium-term. The application of the principles of continuous cover forestry can, on the right site type and with suitable species, assist with meeting objectives of management. The development of structurally diverse forests at the stand level with a broad range of species appropriate to the site type is likely to increase resilience in the face of predicted climate changes.  


  • Determine the benefits of adopting the principles of continuous cover forestry;
  • Evaluate site suitability, the main economic drivers and the likelihood of success;
  • Devise silvicultural strategies that achieve permanently irregular stand structures in the long-term;
  • Implement and guide the transformation process from even-aged plantations to structurally diverse stand structures;
  • Provide monitoring and stand control during the transformation process to ensure sustainable levels of production
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